Engelsk oversættelse side 37

The oldest of the English villages often grew haphazardly out. around a village green or a crossroads. People lived a peaceful village life in harmony with a natural environment, until the industrial revolution in the second half of the 18th century chanced this peaceful way of life. The smallholders were forced to sell their land to the landed proprietors and gradually move to the cities, where they often only got poorly paid jobs at the factories.

The factories also changed, and over time they became bigger and bigger. Originally the factory owner lived close ti his factory and his workers, that he ruled as if he was the pater familias. During the 19th century the original factory villages evolved to big cities, where factory workers lived crowded together in miserably built houses, also cllaed "back to backs". The factory owners on the other hand lived elegantly in their big houses, far away from the workers misery.

As the railroad spread in the 19th century the middle class moved out of the big cities. In this way the characteristic English neighborhoods with the semi-detached houses, that we know very well, arose, and the big cities were left for the poor workers and the immigrants how came to England from the Commonwealth colonies in the 19th and 20th century.